Ernst Toch was an influential and prolific Austrian composer of the 20th century. Fleeing Hitler he eventually settled in Los Angeles. The Geographical Fugue is. ABSTRACT: Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue” was conceived of as a work for technological media, designed as a recording to be ‘performed’. Trin – i – dad and the big. Mis – sis – sip – pi and the. GEOGRAPHICAL FUGUE. Ernst Toch ORFEON UNIVERSITARIO. DE MALAGA.

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Edited by John Elderfield, translated by Ann Raimes. The suite was designed to be recorded by a chorus on gramophone geigraphical at 78 rpmthen “performed” in concert by replaying the records at a much higher speed. In almost all the geographic names, the vowel sound goes from open to closed, in which case intelligibility is well-preserved. His version ggeographical recording himself for all four parts, filtering the spoken words through different electronic processes, and speeding the whole thing up to approximately double speed.

This post-war attitude was exemplified by Henry Ford, who observed that the Model T factory called for 7, different jobs: Gramophone, Film, Typewritertrans. The work was composed as the third and final movement in Toch’s suite Gesprochene Musik Spoken Music. An example of this can be found in the series of six-syllable rhythms passed between the voices at measures — View a tocb version.

In terms of physical pronunciation, these vowel sounds have different points of origin. University of California Press. The seventeen standard German monophtongs are: Listen to Schwitters recite the Ursonate [external link on ubuweb]. Scored for a mixed choir of soprano, alto, tenor and bass, the speakers enter in a T-A-S-B order, which by virtue of the vocal range of the performers naturally recreates the illusion of the interval of a fourth or fifth by which fugal entries are traditionally separated.

The first movement is a rondo with four main themes, designated as such in the text of the Sonata. Click here to listen to the original recording of Zwei Trickaufnahmen .

Jenkin and Ewing Existing as an almost absurd parody of a geography lesson, these chanted words become a collection of different syllables with almost universal phonetic characteristics rather than culturally specific meaning. The remaining 3, jobs were disclosed as requiring no physical exertion and could be performed by the slightest, weakest sort of men […]. Compositions by Ernst Toch Choral compositions Fugues compositions.


The Sonata consists of four movements, of an overture and a finale, and seventhly, of a cadenza in the fourth movement.

Fuge aus der Geographie (Toch, Ernst)

This is an open access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. Views Read Edit View history.

Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction. Having conducted extensive experiments with speeding up speech and vowel recordings, physiologist Ludimar Hermann coined the term formant to describe the resonance frequencies inferred from the amplitude envelope of the partials in It is written in strict fugal form, and geogrwphical of four voices, each enunciating various cities, countries and other geographical landmarks in true contrapuntal fashion.

The first counter subject features the Greek capital Athens, while the second counter subject includes the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Yokohama.

My Life and Work. During the Nazi era, spoken choir pieces were often employed within Thingspiele, mass outdoor plays with propaganda messages. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

ZGMTH – From Trinidad to Cyberspace: Reconsidering Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue”

InAugustus Stroh created the automatic phonograph, which imitated the five cardinal vowels using rotating discs. Example 7 depicts the statistical distribution of vowel sounds within the first full iteration of the text.

Moreover, we also find further economy of means: What a putty, putty, putty. Choric speech, the group recitation of poems, was taught in schools throughout Europe and America during the early twentieth-century. Wagner later adopted the technique of Stabreim, or alliteration, as a solution to recovering the relationship between meaning consonantsand emotions vowels. Make sure to watch it till the end! If the geographic names move from closed to open vowels, this is accompanied by motion front to back or back to front, giving the listener two types of information, or axes of location, along which to classify the changes in vowel sounds.

European Journal of Physiology The text English translation of all the parts consists of various permutations of the following lines:. Since much prosthetic technology was designed to replace lost physical capabilities, it relied on separating senses and abilities into functional categories, a process that would culminate in what Caroline A.

It is remarkable that a work imprinted to an astonishing degree with the conditions of its artistic production should continue to appeal to a wide audience of our day.

The addition of the post-production audio transformation renders it pedagogically edifying as well, a lesson on the possibilities of original music for gramophone. The tail end of the subject begins with Canada, then geographicap to Europe via the assonance Malaga, paired with Rimini and Brindisi.


I then continue by exploring the impact of postwar technology on constructions of the body in Weimar Republic visual and audio art, particularly in the new relationship between organic parts and mechanical prostheses. Von Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand.

Geographical Fugue – Wikipedia

The association between abnormal bodies and overly high voices was famously emphasized in the movie The Wizard gographical Ozin which the actors delivered their lines at a slower tempo, while the final product reflected post-audio manipulation of playback speed and pitch.

Retrieved from ” https: Premiered in at a Berlin-based festival dedicated to the incorporation of technology in music, a few years later the piece was transformed into a humorous showpiece spoken live by a-cappella choirs.

I chose to [explore] the spoken word, and let a four-part mixed chamber choir speak specifically determined rhythms, vowels, consonants, syllables and words, which by involving the mechanical possibilities of the recording increasing the tempo, and the resulting pitch height created a type of instrumental music, which leads the listener to forget that it originated from speaking. Example 3 maps them onto the Vokaldreieckor vowel ernt, a schematic diagram of the position of the tongue during pronunciation.

Jonathan Sterne has further emphasized the integral relationship between early tocb reproduction geogrpahical and the physical form, mechanical function, and scientific understanding of the human ear.

Toch also seems to be poking fun at the form of the school-fugue, a composition exercise that he surely encountered during his own musical training. These impossibly high voices can also be read as a kind of audio analogue to amputated limbs, a signifier of some sort of both physical and fuue mutilation. However, when the vowels move along both the front-back and the open-closed axes, which correspond to the first and second formants respectively, they tend to move from closed to open 9 to 1.

Toch even writes in a pedal point on a rolled r the Ra in Ratiborwhich enables the geograhical to sustain the syllable for two full measures.