Bladder exstrophy (also known as ectopia vesicae) refers to a herniation of the urinary bladder through an anterior abdominal wall defect. The estimated incidence of bladder exstrophy is ,, live births 4,6. Bladder exstrophy is thought to be caused by a developmental. We have described an operation the aim of which is to reduce the gap at the pubic symphysis which accompanies ectopia vesicae. 2. The operation. as it is now. What is Bladder Exstrophy? Bladder exstrophy – also called Ectopia vesicae, is a congenital anomaly o.

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The urinary bladder is a pouch that stores urine in the body.

Ectopia Vesicae

The underlying cause of this complex is not known. Differential renal function in 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid scan Click here to view. Girls with epispadias have a urethral opening located between a split clitoris and labia minor.

Epispadias Hypospadias Posterior urethral valves. This leaves the patient with penile epispadias and urinary incontinence. The condition is extremely rare and is seen more often in males as compared to females.

Upper tract dilatation may be seen after successful vessicae neck repair due to associated anatomical vesicoureteric reflux. The wctopia common form is classic bladder exstrophy in which the bladder and related structures are turned inside out through an opening in the abdominal wall.

Subscribe to our Free Newsletters! As a result of the defect, the posterior wall of the bladder can be seen externally just below the region of the umbilicus or belly button.


Closure of the exstrophic bladder: These surgeries are usually performed before the age of 2 years. Delayed 6 h intravenous urography skigram with marked hydronephrosis with dilated tortuous right ureter and poor opacification of calices in the left kidney Click here to view.

Kidney, ureter, and bladder skigram revealed enlarged left kidney and pubic diastasis Click here to view. In a small retrospective study of 25 pregnancies five factors were found to be strongly associated with a prenatal diagnosis of bladder exstrophy:. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Thank you for updating your details. Bladder exstrophy is thought to be caused by a developmental defect of the cloacal membrane which results in a subsequent eversion of the bladder mucosa. Even with successful surgery, people may have long-term complications.

Ectopia Vesicae

Affected Populations The birth prevalence of classic bladder exstrophy has been estimated to be between 1 in 10, and 1 in 50, livebirths. D ICD – West Afr J Radiol ; Males are affected times more often than females.

Other abnormalities are sometimes associated with the complex.

In some cases, children with bladder exstrophy may also require a series of ectppia procedures to reconstruct the external genitalia. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: Ectopic ureter Megaureter Duplicated ureter.

Rare Disease Database

Campbell’s Urology, 7 th edition, Pholadelphia; Ps: In the modern staged repair of exstrophy MSRE the initial step is closure of the abdominal wall, often requiring a pelvic osteotomy. The absence of a normal urinary bladder and a low-lying umbilical cord insertion 5 may also indicate the diagnosis. This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat While a diagnosis of bladder exstrophy was made retrospectively in a majority of pregnancies, in only vesicas cases was a prenatal diagnosis made.


Extrophy-Epispadius complex and bladder anomalies. Primary immediate closure is indicated only in those patients etcopia a bladder of appropriate size, elasticity, and contractility as those patients are most likely to develop a bladder of adequate capacity after early surgical intervention.

Bladder exstrophy – Wikipedia

Preoperative photograph Click here to view. The estimated incidence of bladder exstrophy is 1: State-of-the-art reconstructive surgery of bladder exstrophy at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD.

The first surgery is closure of the bladder to allow it evsicae hold urine, placement of the bladder inside the pelvis and closure of the abdominal wall. Retrieved from ” https: The physical characteristics are the result of a developmental abnormality during embryonic growth in which the cloacal membrane is not replaced by tissue that will form the abdominal muscles.