AFDX defines the electrical and protocol specifications (IEEE and ARINC , Part 7) for the exchange of data between Avionics Subsystems. ARINC is based on Ethernet technology and components. ARINC is a specific implementation of ARINC Specification Part. 7. 3 and ARINC , Part 7) for the exchange of data be- tween Avionics Subsystems One thousand times faster than its predecessor, ARINC , it builds .

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This ADN operates without the use of a bus controller thereby increasing the reliability of the network architecture.

IO781: AFDX (ARINC 664 Part 7) I/O Module

Multiple switches can be bridged together in a cascaded star topology. It specifies interoperable functional elements at the following OSI reference model layers:. Innovating together for the A XWB”. Basing on standards from the IEEE Bi-directional communications must therefore require the specification of a complementary VL.

Therefore, in a network with multiple switches cascaded star topologythe total number of virtual links is nearly limitless. Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market. This is the maximum rate data can ppart sent, and it is guaranteed to be sent at that interval.

Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet – Wikipedia

Retrieved from ” https: Ethernet family of local area network technologies. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Archived copy as title All Wikipedia articles needing clarification Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September There are two speeds of transmission: Real-time solution on the A” PDF. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. AFDX extends standard Ethernet to provide high data integrity and deterministic timing.

A data word consists of 32 bits communicated over a twisted pair cable using the bipolar return-to-zero modulation. In one abstraction, it is possible to visualise the VLs as an ARINC style network each with one source and one or more destinations. This type of network can significantly reduce wire runs and, thus, the overall weight of the srinc. Sub-virtual links are assigned to a particular virtual link. AFDX was developed by Airbus Industries for the A, [3] initially to address real-time issues for flight-by-wire system development.


The prt are designed to route an incoming frame from one, and only one, end system to a predetermined set of end systems.

Each VL is frozen in specification to ensure that the network has a designed maximum traffic, hence determinism. The switch must also be non-blocking at the data rates that are specified by the system integrator, and in practice this may mean that the switch shall have a switching capacity that is the sum of all of arinnc physical ports.

Speedgoat – ARINC Part 7 / AFDX protocol support with Simulink

The six primary aspects of an AFDX data network include full duplexredundancy, determinism, high speed performance, switched and profiled network. Also the switch, having a VL configuration table loaded, can reject any erroneous data transmission that may otherwise swamp other branches of the network.

This page was last edited on 10 Novemberat However, some features of a parg AFDX switch may be missing, such as traffic policing and redundancy functions. By adding key elements from ATM to those already found in Ethernet, and constraining the specification of various options, a highly reliable full-duplex deterministic network is created providing guaranteed bandwidth and quality of service QoS.

Through the use of twisted pair or fiber optic cables, full-duplex Ethernet uses two separate pairs or strands for transmitting and receiving the data.

Views Read Edit View history. Wrinc is no specified limit to the number of virtual links that can be handled by each end system, although this will be determined by the BAG rates and maximum frame size specified for each VL versus the Ethernet data rate.

However, the number sub-VLs that may be created in a single virtual link is limited to four. Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Oart AFDX is a data network, patented by international aircraft manufacturer Airbus[1] for safety-critical applications that utilizes partt bandwidth while providing deterministic quality of service QoS. Each switch has filtering, policing, and forwarding functions that should be able to process at least VLs.

Further a redundant pair of networks is used to improve the system integrity although arinnc virtual link may be configured to use one or the arrinc network only. AFDX is a worldwide registered trademark by Airbus. ARINC utilizes a unidirectional bus with a single transmitter and up to twenty receivers.


Also sub-virtual links do not provide guaranteed bandwidth or latency due to the buffering, but AFDX specifies that latency is measured from the traffic regulator function anyway.

ARINC operates in such a way that its single transmitter communicates in a point-to-point connection, thus requiring a significant amount of wiring which amounts to added weight. A similar implementation [ clarify ] of deterministic Ethernet is used on the Boeing Dreamliner.

The drawback is that it requires psrt hardware which can add significant cost to the aircraft. The virtual link ID is a bit unsigned integer value that follows a constant bit field.

Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet

The architecture adopted by AgustaWestland is centered around the AFDX data network developed for the latest commercial airliners. In addition, AFDX can provide quality of service and dual link redundancy. Airbus and Rockwell Collins: Retrieved May 28, Many commercial aircraft use the ARINC standard developed in 77 safety-critical applications.

The network is designed in such a way that all critical traffic is parr using QoS policies so delivery, latency, and jitter are all guaranteed to be within set parameters.

Additionally, there can be sub-virtual links sub-VLs that are designed to carry less critical data. However, total bandwidth cannot exceed the maximum available bandwidth on the network.

There can be one or more receiving end systems connected within each virtual link. Each virtual link is allocated dedicated bandwidth [sum of all VL bandwidth allocation gap BAG rates x MTU] with the total amount of bandwidth defined by the system integrator.

AFDX was designed as the next-generation aircraft data network. AgustaWestland asserts its independence in pzrt cockpit”.