– Tertullianus – Adversus Praxeam. Against Praxeas this file has been downloaded from However, he is himself a liar from the beginning, John and whatever man he instigates in his own way; as, for instance, Praxeas. For he was the first to. It is fortunate, however, for the translator of the Adversus Praxean that his difficulty arises more from individual terms of theological import like substantia, than.

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TT-I r i t i i TT t- xxxiii. Crudely expressed, his position was that the Father alone was God, and that all the experiences undergone by Jesus in His earthly life were undergone by the Father. There is a certain emphatic saying by John: TEXT quo minus vel propter opera credite, ea utique opera per quae pater in filio non visu sed sensu videbatur.

Look to it then, that it be not you rather who are destroying the Monarchy, when you overthrow the arrangement and dispensation of it, which has been constituted in just as many names as it has pleased God to employ. It will be your duty, however, to adduce your proofs out of the Scriptures as plainly as we do, when we prove that He made His Word a Son to Himself. Of whom are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever.

For you will say, what is a word, but a voice and sound of the mouth, and as the grammarians teach air when struck against, intelligible to the ear, but for the rest a sort of void, empty, and incorporeal thing. The Word, no doubtwas before all things.

Adversus Praxean liber = : Tertullian’s treatise against Praxeas

And God said, Let there be light, and there was light. And it was on this very account that the Jews sought the more intently to kill Pradean, not only because He broke the Sabbathbut also because He said that God was His Father, thus making Himself equal with God. For it was necessary that there addversus be both kites and heretics ; it was necessary also that the Father should be crucified.

For cm ” 7 some time that fact lay hidden through hypocrisy, such was its cunning vitality, and now it has burst forth again. Turner compares Ignatius, Epistle to the Ephesians, 3, but I am inclined to suggest sinu for the second sensu cf.

Tertullian: Adversus Praxean Liber

Then He says at last: In principio 15 erat sermo et sermo erat apud deum et deus erat sermo ; hic erat in principio apud deum; omnia per ipsum facta sunt et sine ipso factum est nihil. For without prejudice to the Son it can adversuss rightly have defined God as one, whose the Son is.

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Either, then, they ought to have died, since they had seen Him — for the sentence runsNo man shall see Godand live; or else if they saw Godand yet did not die, the Scripture is false in stating that God said, If a man see my face, he shall not live. I am my cf. You may send this item to up to five recipients. The reader should consult Dr. I am, moreover, obliged to say this, when extolling the Monarchy at the expense of the Economy they contend for the identity of the Father and Son and Spirit, that it is not by way of diversity that the Son differs from the Fatherbut by distribution: This same divine thought is called Wisdom Sophia in the Book of Proverbs viii.

John substance of the Father, ” doing ” nothing without cf! The relation of Father to Son is compared to that of the tree and its branch, the source and the river, the sun and a ray of the sun. Then, again, concerning His sheep, and the assurance that no man should pluck them out of His hand, He says, My Father, which gave them to me, is greater than all; adding immediately, I am and my Father are one.

Against Praxeas

Scripture has often given the name God to the three Persons taken separately, but Christians are careful never to speak of ” gods ” in the plural, lest they should be charged with polytheism.

But when Christ came and we learned about Him that Paxean Himself who had in the past caused the plural rpaxean, having been made second to the Father, and one of three if the Spirit be included, being also the Father, who was more fully mani- fested by Him, the name of God and Lord was now reduced to an unity, 1 in order that because c f.

John commanded by the Father, these Praxea also speaks ” ; cf”john a d it was “not His own will, but “the Father’s xii. He also declares Himself to be the bread which the Father sent from heaven; and adds, that all that the Father gave Him should come to Him, and that He Himself would not reject them, because He had come down from heaven not to do His own will, but the will of the Father; and that the will of the Father was that every one who saw the Sonand believed on Him, should obtain the life everlasting, and the resurrection at the last day.

Since they are unwilling to allow that the Son is a distinct Personsecond from the Fatherlest, being thus second, Parxean should cause two Gods to be spoken of, we have shown above that Two are actually described praxeaan Scripture as God and Lord. Just as I produce God’s saying: The advesrus of churches in Africa in Tertullian’s time probably greatly exceeded the total of Italy itself.


Hic est filius meus ; et, Glorificavi et glorificabo.

Consider, therefore, how many passages present their prescriptive authority to you in this very Gospel before this inquiry of Philip, and previous to any discussion on your part. Therefore if they thought that the same being was to be believed to be both Father and Son, with the object of asserting God to be one, His unity is unimpaired who, though He is one, has also a Son, who is Himself also in like manner included in the same Scriptures.

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Valentinus distinguishes and separates his projections from the Creator, and places them so far from Him, that the Aeon does not know the Father; for he longs to know Him, and cannot, nay he is almost swal- lowed and broken up into the remaining material. For God is rational, and Reason was first in Him; and so all things were from Himself.

But if I have not a son, while I am myself a son, how shall I be a father? Oeuvres de Tertullien 2Paris For although a thing may sometimes be made different from him by whom it is made, yet nothing can be made by that which is a void and empty thing. Whatever, therefore, was the substance of the Word that I designate a Person, I claim for it the name of Son ; and while I recognize the SonI assert His distinction as second to the Father.

Probably there is no reference here to the regulajidei. He maintains that there is one only Lord, the Almighty Creator of the world, in order that out of this doctrine of the unity he may fabricate a heresy. Thereafter, too, in the Word Christ, standing by Him and carrying out His behests, 2 God willed creation, and God created: Silenced, I say silenced be this evil-speak- ing ; enough that Christ, the Son of God, is spoken of as dead, and that too because it is so written.

Sobre el baptisme i altres escrits. This verity the apostle also perceived, when he writes to this effect: For, being unable to prove that the Father suffered, some try to make out that He was a fellow-sufferer. John was at the same time recognised by the Son ” in the heavens, when looking up ” there He commended cf.

These things, too, are not sub- stances, but accidental attributes of each substance, and power is an accident of spirit but will not be spirit itself. Please re-enter recipient e-mail address es.